Earth science or geology is the area of science which involves the study of the physical history of the Earth. What happens to This history is influenced by changes that occur over time deep inside it: these are recorded in the rocks which make up the Earth’s crust, like granite and slate, and natural non-living solid material found near its surface.
Archaeologists study human behaviour and development through material remains from microorganisms to buried sites of human occupation. Cartographers are employed, mainly by departments within the Civil Service like Ordnance Survey, to develop charts and maps.
Geologists use their knowledge and skills, together with modern equipment, to increase our understanding of the Earth and to develop its resources in an environmentally acceptable way.
Geophysicists use skills and instruments to understand and predict Earth movements related to volcanoes and earthquakes.
Meteorologists study the atmosphere and its interaction with the Earth’s surface, particularly in relation to weather and climate.
Climatologists study long term interactions between weather and the environment.
Oceanographers study the Earth’s oceans, and usually specialise in one of the main sciences: biology (marine biologists), chemistry (marine chemists), geology (marine geologists), or physics (marine geophysicists).
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|British Cartographic Society||www.cartography.org.uk - Choose careers in cartography|
|British Geological Survey||www.bgs.ac.uk (general site)|
|Discover Science and Engineering||www.science.ie - Choose careers|
|Geological Society of London||www.geolsoc.org.uk - Choose careers|
|Institute of Field Archaeology||www.archaeologists.net - Choose training then careers|
|Royal Astronomical Society||www.ras.org.uk - Choose education then information for schools then download.|
How to become a professional astronomer, geophysicist or planetary scientist
|Society for Underwater Technology||www.sut.org.uk - Choose careers|
|Southampton Oceanography Centre||www.soc.soton.ac.uk - Choose education then careers|
|Women into Science and Engineering||www.wisecampaign.org.uk - Choose Girls|